Martha Dandridge Custis Washington
Born at Chestnut Grove in New Kent County, Virginia, June 2, 1731
Married Colonel Daniel Parke Custis in 1750
Four children with Daniel Custis
- Daniel born in 1751, died at age of three
- Frances born in 1753, died at age of four
- John born in 1755, died November 5, 1781
- Martha born in 1756 or 1757, died June 19, 1773
Daniel Custis died in 1757
Married George Washington on January 6, 1759 and her family moved to Mount Vernon
Her son John married Eleanor Calvert in 1774
- Raised her grandchildren, Eleanor Parke Custis and George Washington Parke Custis at Mount Vernon. Her niece, Frances Basset, who came to live with them when she was 15, married George Washington’s nephew, Major George Augustine Washington, in 1785
American Revolution War 1775-1783
- Martha Washington is given the title “Lady Washington” by the soldiers during the American Revolution War and one which was used when George Washington was President.
George Washington was inaugurated president on April 30, 1789
Returned to Mount Vernon after his presidency on March 15, 1797
George Washington died on December 14, 1799
Martha Washington died on May 22, 1802
From the Official site of Historic Williamsburg, I found this interesting fact about Martha Washington. Official site of Colonial Williamsburg
Although Martha remained at Mount Vernon when George went to Philadelphia as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, she often accompanied him to his headquarters during the war years. She spent the winter of 1775 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and in the spring of 1776, she followed him to New York. In the spring of 1777, she arrived at his headquarters in Morristown, New Jersey, but she returned to Mount Vernon for the summer. The next winter she joined her husband at Valley Forge, and later she stayed with him during campaigns in New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland.
Focus while in the White House
She saw that her duty was to her husband and her country. Her focus while she was in the White House was to be hostess. She had a formal dinner on Thursdays and a public reception on Fridays. They lived in a series of mansions in New York before moving to Philadelphia as the building that became known as the White House was being built.